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The paper is concerned with the problems associated with starting a long conveyor driven by an induction motor. We consider the dynamic loads in the conveyor belt during start-up, which cause slippage of the conveyor belt on the traction drum leading to its premature deterioration. The relevance of the topic is associated with the high cost of the conveyor belt reaching 60% of the cost of the entire conveyor and more. The aim of the work is to ascertain the possibilities of reducing the wear of the conveyor belt, for example, through the use of the possibilities provided by the system of the electric drive. The possibility of reducing the probability of the conveyor belt slippage by increasing the initial belt tension is noted. However, constant high tension also accelerates belt deterioration. To solve this problem, the use of automatic tension control devices is proposed, as well as the reduction of dynamic loads in the belt by using soft starters based on a thyristor voltage converter, which regulates the amplitude of voltage on the motor stator. The features of an asynchronous motor heating when starting with a constant speed of rotation of the magnetic field are discussed. The interrelation between the start-up duration and the motor stator winding heating with the dynamic loads occurring in the conveyor belt in start-up modes is considered. Modeling results obtained using the Simulink package are presented. Since long start-up modes of asynchronous electric drives based on thyristor voltage converters can lead to motor overheating, especially when the conveyor is restarted under full load and in hot climates, it is advisable to use automatic conveyor belt tension control devices during start-up modes thereby reducing premature belt deterioration together with a decrease in the conveyor motor heating.


Conveyor, induction motor, soft-starter, dynamic loads, modeling, traction factor, stator winding, heating.

Vladimir P. Metelkov

Ph.D. (Engineering), Associate Professor, Department of Electric Drive and Automation of Industrial Plants, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Yakov L. Liberman

Ph.D. (Engineering), Associate Professor, Department of Machines and Tools, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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